Bloom’s taxonomy

Bloom’s taxonomy is a hierarchy of thinking skills:

Knowledge / remembering

Exhibiting memory of previously-learned materials by recalling facts, terms, basic concepts and answers

Comprehension / understanding

Demonstrating understanding of facts and ideas by organizing, comparing, translating, interpreting, giving descriptions, and stating main ideas


Using new knowledge. Solving problems to new situations by applying acquired knowledge, facts, techniques and rules in a different way


Examining and breaking information into parts by identifying motives or causes. Making inferences and find evidence to support generalizations

Synthesis / creation of new ideas

Compiling information together in a different way by combining elements in a new pattern or proposing alternative solutions


Presenting and defending opinions by making judgments about information, validity of ideas or quality of work based on a set of criteria.

A variety of activities and questions from different levels of this hierarchy will support children to develop their own thinking. Here are some ideas for using Bloom’s taxonomy when devising questions and activities